Title: Guardian Figures (Lamassu) at Gate A of the Citadel of Sargon II Artist: Assyrians Period/Style: Neo-Assyrian Date: 721-706 BCE Patron: Original Location: Citadel of Sargon II, Mesopotamia (modern-day … Term. South, East, and Southeast Asia. 164. X. Level. AP Art History 2000 Scoring Guidelines These materials were produced by Educational Testing Service (ETS), which develops and administers the examinations of the Advanced Placement Program for the ... (Lamassu) were placed at palace entrances, gates, or doors. ... Cards Return to Set Details. The female Lamassu were called “apsasu.” Winged human-headed bull (lamassu or shedu), Neo-Assyrian Period, reign of Sargon II (721-705 B.C.E.) Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin. In 2340 B.C.E. VIII. Total Cards. AP Art History Home Art 10 E Science 10 E > Art 11 E > > AP Studio Art AP Art History Art History blog Code of hammurabi and Lamassu. ... Additional Art History Flashcards . Cards Return to Set Details. The Sumerians recognized a protective deity named Lama, or Lamassu, with a female human form who was a servant of the gods. empty space around an object or person, such as the cut-out area between a figure's legs or arms of a sculpture. What ceremonies help define the culture? Red = characteristic of that culture/style Purple = important about that piece (Note: Most of these do have images on them, so … Global Contemporary Winged human-headed bull (lamassu or shedu), Neo-Assyrian Period, reign of Sargon II (721-705 B.C.E.) ; The violent image might have been used as an apotropaic device to ward off evil. 92. Lama, Lamma or Lamassu is a Sumerian protective deity. Subject. Description. 14000 - 7000 BCE 2. 46. Subject. Khorsabad, ancient Dur Sharrukin, Assyria, Iraq, gypseous alabaster, 4.20 x 4.36 x 0.97 m, excavated by P.-E. Botta 1843-44 (Musée du Louvre) 25. The king could control these types of animals and were … http://www.louvre.fr/en/oeuvre-notices/winged-human-headed-bull Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Iraq) Form: high relief sculpture from a monolithic stone of gypseous alabaster. Other names for Lamassu are Lumasi, Alad, and Shedu. AP Art History Flash Cards. Definition. Khorsabad, ancient Dur Sharrukin, Assyria, Iraq, gypseous alabaster, 4.20 x 4.36 x 0.97 m, excavated by P.-E. Botta 1843-44 (Musée du Louvre) 25. Lamassu (winged human-headed bulls possibly lamassu or shedu) from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (now Khorsabad, Iraq), Neo-Assyrian, c. 720-705 B.C.E., gypseous alabaster, 4.20 x 4.36 x 0.97 m, excavated by P.-E. Botta 1843-44 (Musée du … Total Cards. ... 25. Alabaster: Definition he conquered Mesopotamia until the Akkadian empire fell in 1792 B.C.E. February 27, 2015, New York Times article, https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ancient-art-civilizations/ancient-near-east1/assyrian/v/lamassu, CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. 13'9" tall. Initially depicted as a female deity in Sumerian times, when it was called Lamma, it was later depicted from Assyrian times as a hybrid of a human, bird, and either a bull or lion—specifically having a human head, the body of a bull or a lion, and bird wings, under the name Lamassu. 1/24/2018 0 Comments The artist of each artwork made specific decisions about what they wanted to achieve with their respective artworks. Total Cards. Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker provide a description, historical perspective, and analysis of Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II. Winged human-headed bull (lamassu or shedu), Neo-Assyrian Period, reign of Sargon II (721-705 B.C.E.) Ancient Egypt. Art History. Seated Figure of Khafre: Term [image] Definition. The lamassu is clearly an intriguing creature, but where does it come from? Lamassu figure in the visual art and literature from most of the ancient Mesopotamian world, going as far back as ancient Sumer (settled c. 5500 BCE) and standing guard at the palace of Persepolis (550-330 BCE). Athenian agora. In literature, some lamassu assumed female form. The first recorded Lamassu comes from circa 3,000 BC. a colossal winged human-headed bull in Assyrian art. Human headed winged bulls were very large protective genies called shedu/ lamassu, and were placed as guardians at certain gates/ doorways of the city and the palace. Subject. The earliest examples of something bearing this resemblance dates back to the Sumerian civilization of Mesopotamia. art that may have form but have little or no attempt at pictorial representation: Term. Name titles of art pieces! Next lesson. Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Iraq). Meaning: The Lamassu were seen as "divine warriors" which protected the Assyrians from human enemies as well as from evil spirits. Examples of apotropaic in the following topics: Etruscan Art under the Influence of the Romans. Protective spiritual guardians were placed on either side of these entrances to act as guardians. 299; Gardner’s Art through the Ages: A Global View, 15th edition, pg. an institution whose main object is to train artists ... lamassu: Definition. This process took large groups of men to pull it with ropes and sledges into place. Khorsabad, ancient Dur Sharrukin, Assyria, Iraq, gypseous alabaster, 4.20 x 4.36 x 0.97 m, excavated by P.-E. Botta 1843-44 (Musée du Louvre) (photo: Dr. Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) Total Cards. academy: Definition. N/A. Capital of a column from the audience hall of the palace of Darius I, Susa. The 250 required works for the AP Art history test. Definition. Ancient Mediterranean Works 025 – Lamassu. AP®︎/College Art History ... Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II. YouTube Video. Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin. Persian art, an introduction. Symbols combining man, bull, and bird, they offered protection against enemies. Lamassu (winged human-headed bulls possibly lamassu or shedu) from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (now Khorsabad, Iraq), Neo-Assyrian, c. 720–705 BCE, gypseous alabaster, 4.20 × 4.36 × 0.97 m, excavated by P.-E. Botta 1843–44 (Musée du Louvre). 46; Next time: #26. Camelid Sacrum in the Shape of a Canine 1. and disappear again after the reign of Ashurbanipal. Ishtar Gate: Term [image][image][image] Definition. Palette of King Narmer: Term ... Lamassu: Term [image] Definition. Description. 12th Grade. Many Kongo ceremonies had to do with connecting and interacting with the spirit world AP Art History Unit 1. AP Art History Titles. Seated Scribe 2620-2500 BCE, c. 4th Dynasty Old Kingdom Saqqara, Egypt Louvre Museum, Paris, France Painted Limestone with rock crystal, magnesite, copper/arsenic inlay for eyes and wooden nipples. Global Art Template AP Art History Bergan Title: Lamassu from Citadel of Sargon II Artists / Architect: Unknown Date: 720- 705 B.C.E Period / Culture: Neo- Assyrian Location: Citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad, Iraq) Scale / Size: Unknown Patron: Sargon II Materials: Alabaster Techniques: Unknown 1. Neo-Assyrian 2. How do they show the power of the king? Term [image] Definition. This is only one example of how a lamassu would appear in Mesopotamian art. Death Mask of Tutankhamen: Term [image] Definition. The Metropolitan Museum, Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: Human-headed winged lion (lamassu) Livius: Lamassu (bull-man) Louvre: Winged human-headed bull; Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, pg. 16. Vocab for AP Art History. Bone: Definition ... Lamassu From the Citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin 1. They also had a strictly architectural function, as they bore some of the weight of the arch above, An inscription on two panels between the hind legs of the bull: praises the ruler by rehearsing his virtues and calls down a curse on. The Pacific. Athenian Agora Artist: organized by Peisistratos Description. Persepolis: The Audience Hall of Darius and Xerxes. This tragedy cannot be undone and is an attack on our shared history and cultural heritage. lamassu. Irreplaceable Lamassu sculpture, Assyrian architecture and whole archaeological sites have recently been destroyed by militants that control large areas of Iraq and Syria. Lamassu (winged human-headed bulls possibly lamassu or shedu) from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (now Khorsabad, Iraq), Neo-Assyrian, c. 720-705 B.C.E., gypseous alabaster, 4.20 x 4.36 x 0.97 m, excavated by P.-E. Botta 1843-44 (Musée du Louvre) Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker. The lamassu as we know it appeared a little later, in the Assyrian culture between the 9th and 7th centuries BCE. See alsorepoussé. Lamassu (winged human-headed bulls possibly lamassu or shedu) from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (now Khorsabad, Iraq), Neo-Assyrian, c. 720–705 BCE, gypseous alabaster, 4.20 × 4.36 × 0.97 m, excavated by P.-E. Botta 1843–44 (Musée du Louvre) Definition [image] Term. It stands more than 4 meters high by 4 meters wide and is a meter in depth. negative space. ... Cards Return to Set Details. The degree of relief is designated high, low (bas), or sunken. 713 BC Sargon II founded his capital, Dur Sharrukin, (present-day Khorsabad), he enclosed it, together with several palaces, within a great wall of unbaked brick pierced by seven gates, These bulls are motifs of Syrian inspiration and one of the characteristic features of the decoration of Assyrian palaces, They make their first appearance at Nimrud in the reign of Ashurnasirpal. a system of representation that expresses a person's importance by the size of his or her representation in a work of art. In the last, the artist cuts the design into the surface so that the highest projecting parts of the image are no higher than the surface itself. To learn more read this February 27, 2015, New York Times article. IN THE NEWS: Irreplaceable Lamassu sculpture, Assyrian architecture and whole archaeological sites … Lamassu (winged human-headed bulls possibly lamassu or shedu) from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (now Khorsabad, Iraq), Neo-Assyrian, c. 720-705 B.C.E., gypseous alabaster, 4.20 x 4.36 x 0.97 m, (Musée du Louvre, Paris) These sculptures were excavated by P.-E. Botta in 1843-44. Art History. Interaction between the two worlds was channeled through Kongo art, serving as a bridge between the gap. Bison Relief Sculpture: Term [image] Definition. Perhaps Vanth is a gentler apotropaic figure, offering the reassurance of an ally in the afterlife to counteract the trials faced in the face of impending cultural collapse and absorption. Term [image] Definition. Sometimes a Lamassu is portrayed as a female deity, but usually it is presented with a more masculine head. Relief sculptures that depict laborers moving the Lamassu to it's intended location. Using minkisis (including this work) to ask the help of spirits of ancestors to help solve disputes in the community. IX. The Assyrians envisioned a protective spirit that was part bull and part huma… Classical, most Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, etc.) Used art as propaganda, was a a very merciless fighter Mud bricks hand … abstract: Definition. In some writings, it is portrayed to represent a female deity. Lamassu frequently appear in Mesopotamian art and mythology. September 3, 2017 September 6, 2017 aparthistorygo Leave a comment. the original position of these winged bulls: This one formed the left jamb of Door K in the palace, Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, 25. In sculpture, figures projecting from a background of which they are part. 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