LANSING, Mich. (WOOD) — Starting Tuesday at 12:01 a.m., Gov. SF 4450 (failed) would have urged the federal government to extend the deadline for the full implementation of REAL ID provisions set to take effect on Oct. 1, 2020. The bills primarily focused on pandemic response and relief efforts, essential workers and allocating resources. Here in Australia there is broad agreement supermarkets, service stations, … The personnel comprising this sector come from public, private and industry organizations. The essential essentials. 1958 0 obj <>stream COVID-19 Vaccine Prioritization for Frontline and Essential Workers. States That Have Created Their Own Guidance. Additionally, the BLS projected in 2018 that many of the critical trades requiring some form of formal apprenticeship training would be growing faster to much faster than average. All workers who are part of the 2.1 million farms, 935,000 restaurants and more than 200,000 registered food manufacturing, processing and storage facilities are considered essential by the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). Food service workers have been some of the most visibly impacted by state stay-at-home orders as restaurants have been forced to close or adapt to takeout-only service. San Francisco State University’s College of Extended Learning is offering educational opportunities to our essential workers during this pandemic that is affecting families, communities and cities. Along with other critical systems—such as water and telecommunications—the energy sector’s services have become so fundamental to modern life that their suspension or disruption has the potential to threaten the health and livelihood of most individuals. SB 7508 (enacted) provided the state’s fiscal year 2021 budget and included provisions allowing the state to borrow up to $10 billion to provide the spending flexibility required for the programs and capital plan. For the 20 states deferring to CISA’s guidelines, a wide range of trades are considered essential, Including those supporting the construction, maintenance or rehabilitation of several sectors, from energy to public works and infrastructure to communications. Table 1 shows the number of workers in six groups of frontline industries and the characteristics of the workforce in each of these industry groups. State Disability Insurance (SDI) provides short-term benefit payments to eligible workers who have a full or partial loss of wages due to a non-work-related illness, injury, or pregnancy. SB 75 (to governor) would appropriate $14 million to the state Department of Transportation for outbreak control, contact tracing and personal protective equipment. The petroleum and fuel production industry, including oil and gas drilling, production, refining, transport and distribution to gas stations and industrial facilities. Demographically, 40% of retail workers are women, although the gender distribution varies widely by occupation within the sector. Essential Workers (non-healthcare): COVID- 19 Risk By July 2020, 23 states reported outbreaks in 239 meat or poultry processing plants, resulting in ~16,000 cases in workers 1 – 9% of workers diagnosed as cases by May (range =3% -25%) By mid-September, Corrections and Detention Facilities reported ~126,000 The statewide population of essential workers was then compared to the total number of workers in that state. Essential workers are required, to the extent possible, to avoid extended periods in public, contact with strangers, and large congregate settings. During Tuesday’s press conference Gov. Of the 43 states with essential worker orders or directives, 21 now defer to the federal definitions developed by the US. We can consider these numbers as an indicator of how concentrated critical industries are in that state. The essential workers include a broad segment of workers who sell, produce, and distribute food and other essential products. From keeping grocery store shelves stocked to delivering consumer goods, many occupations within retail are deemed essential due to the role they play in maintaining everything from food to personal security. Their working conditions vary by setting and do not necessarily include benefits that are typically available to educators of older children, such as paid time for planning and professional development, retirement and health insurance. Tel: 303-364-7700 | Fax: 303-364-7800, 444 North Capitol Street, N.W., Suite 515 “Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers” to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) provides recommendations for who will receive the COVID-19 vaccine while there are limited doses, taking into consideration the vaccine’s physical effect on different age groups, ethnicities and people with underlying medical conditions. All but five states—-New York, Massachusetts, Washington, New Mexico and Vermont—deemed firearms stores nonessential. During Tuesday’s press conference Gov. The first wave of shelter-in-place and stay-at-home orders in response to COVID-19 largely consisted of local governments asking residents of cities and counties to stay in their homes, away from their businesses. HB 1498 (pending) would exempt persons providing essential goods and services to hospitals. Food and Agriculture. This sector has also played a vital role during the pandemic response, as well as in ongoing recovery and relief operations underway in states. The bill also would have required procedures to be established for on-road driver tests during the peacetime public health emergency and in a manner that ensured personal protective measures for applicants and examiners, as well as complied with guidance and recommendations from state and federal health agencies. Agriculture and food production businesses and workers up the supply chain have faced their own challenges. For restaurant and food service workers, unlike many of the other critical sectors, the essential worker designation did not necessarily mean that these workers continued their jobs as normal. In addition to the projected future growth, many states were already experiencing critical worker shortages in the skilled trades, pushing wages higher for potential workers in these jobs. 7700 East First Place Workers in the following settings have most commonly been deemed essential across the states: grocery stores, pharmacies, medical supply stores, convenience stores, pet stores, hardware stores, office supply stores and liquor stores. Several states have issued orders mandating that everyone aside from nonessential workers stay home ad most businesses shut down in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus. In some frontline industries, black workers are overrepresented. That list includes those who work in: –Healthcare and Public Health –Law Enforcement, First … n`������z�q�K����b���������b���:�_�~������b�fCC醿��3Ld��O|�'� ��O���. Everything you need to know about COVID-19 in Massachusetts. X� ���\������hM����> (XZ Similar to the share of all workers, 37% of Kentucky’s essential workers have a child in the home, and 13% have a person over age 65 in the home, meaning many are juggling paid work with unpaid caregiving under unprecedented conditions. Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery and pick-up services: Post offices and other businesses that … However, essential retail occupations vary based on state. endstream endobj startxref Under the state’s 1B criteria, this includes individuals who are 75 years of age or older, some essential workers such as teachers, emergency services workers and … AB 10182 (pending) would extend the renewal of driver’s licenses, identification cards and inspections of motor vehicles for three months. This proposal was not enacted into law. States forming their own essential worker designations largely adhered to CISA’s guidelines, but tended to be a bit more specific in listing the particular activities they considered essential. LANSING, Mich. (WOOD) — Starting Tuesday at 12:01 a.m., Gov. refers to construction and skilled trades broadly, Transportation Systems Sector-Specific Plan, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, most pressing issues faced by COVID-19 first responders, Guidance on the Essential Critical Workforce, Impact of COVID-19 on Transportation Operations and Revenue. There is also a mandatory 10-day self-quarantine for all […] AB 10347 (pending) would create a tax deduction of up to $5,000 for the transportation and personal protective equipment expenses of health care professionals and emergency medical technicians. SB 8176 (pending) would authorize the state Thruway Authority to eliminate all tolls for trucks and delivery vehicles transporting essential supplies, including medicine, medical supplies, cleaning products, food, beverages and construction equipment. HB 2400 (pending) would direct the secretary of Community and Economic Development to issue a waiver to the governor’s COVID-19 order to all public and private construction activities if social distancing and other mitigation measures by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are followed. ACR 168 (pending) would urge the federal government to extend the deadline for the full implementation of REAL ID provisions set to take effect on Oct. 1, 2020. While federal recommendations continue to evolve, states are tasked with developing their own distribution plans and identifying how the phased approach will include frontline and essential workers, as well as who falls under those categories. While demand is expected to increase for agricultural products over the next decade, employment demand may be limited by continued automation in the sector. At least two states are offering financial assistance to pay for child care for essential workers. Each plant typically brings in several hundred specialized workers to complete the refueling activities. In some frontline industries, black workers … That list includes those who work in: –Healthcare and Public Health –Law Enforcement, First Responders, Public Safety […] These workers include those who operate power plants, staff the control rooms for transmission and distribution networks, along with the army field operators who maintain and repair the electric and natural gas networks. And while folks have transitioned to spending the majority of their time at home, tradespeople have continued to uphold safety and quality of life standards for residences. Energy. The retail industry is composed of a complex network of occupations working in concert to meet the everyday needs of people across the country. The energy sector is made up of several interdependent systems that provide services that are vital to the nation’s health, safety and security. At this point, 46 states and Washington, DC have issued some sort of guidance on which sectors and industries they consider “essential” despite pandemic-related restrictions. Essential health care operations including: The median retail worker age is 40, with 28% of workers reporting educational attainment beyond a high school diploma. The retail industry is the second-largest employment sector in the United States, accounting for nearly 1 in 10 of all domestic workers. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency: American Public Transportation Association: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials: American Road and Transportation Builders Association: National Association of City Transportation Officials. Simultaneously, BLS data projects the demand for food and beverage service-related workers to grow much faster than average. 1. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, states have engaged in a delicate balancing act of opening their economies while simultaneously protecting public health since the first phase of stay-ay-home orders last spring. The interactive map allows users to click on a green state to see the state guidance on essential workers. We are the nation's most respected bipartisan organization providing states support, ideas, connections and a strong voice on Capitol Hill. Health and Public Health Sector 2. However, several states adopted the DHS guidelines while also adding state-specific industries, including: At least 24 states issued their own definitions, including: There are nearly 5 million early care and education professionals who care for children younger than age of 5 in center- and home-based child care settings across the U.S. Home-based providers, many of whom are self-employed and small-business owners, make up the large majority of this workforce. In 2018, direct on-farm employment accounted for 1.3% of U.S. employment and food and beverage manufacturing made up 1% of U.S. jobs. These include, but are not necessarily limited to, plumbers, electricians, exterminators, cleaning and janitorial staff, and security workers. While salespersons, cashiers, stock clerks and first-line supervisors in brick-and-mortar stores are primary examples of retail workers, those involved in the facilitation and execution of e-commerce, such as delivery drivers and warehouse packers, are a growing segment of the sector’s workforce. Several states have issued orders mandating that everyone aside from nonessential workers stay home ad most businesses shut down in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus. The bill also would require that certain drivers be provided with hand sanitizer, disposable sterile gloves, face masks and training on preventive measures. This is especially evident in the current public health crisis as states are depending on child care providers to continue to operate to provide care for the children of essential workers, even as they have almost uniformly closed K-12 schools. Long Term – for essential workers traveling to New York State for a period of greater than 36 hours, requiring them to stay several days. Empire State Development has a long list of industries and occupations that are considered to be "essential," and exempt from the mandate that all employees stay at home. Every single day, crisis or no crisis, these are the essential workers in our city, our economy, and our society. Most states ended up requiring restaurants to close in-person dining for a period of time, resulting in many food service workers losing their jobs even if restaurants stayed open for takeout-only service. An individual that quits work for an essential employer maintaining a worksite that does meet guidelines published by the U.S. Department of Labor and Washington State Department of Health. One commonality between the state plans is that health care workers, long-term care residents, and teachers and childcare workers are among the first to be prioritized in vaccine distribution. According to the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), one of the 16 critical infrastructure sectors is the transportation systems sector, which consists of seven key subsectors: highways, aviation, maritime, rail, mass transit, pipelines and postal and shipping. New York City’s Frontline Workers Frontline workers have always been the lifeblood of our city. The retail workforce consists primarily of full-time employees (roughly two-thirds of the labor force) who work for companies with more than 1,000 employees. Massachusetts’ guidance gets even more specific, with the state listing which “construction-related” activities it considers necessary to maintain the safety, sanitation and essential operation of residences, businesses and buildings such as hospitals. Courses are offered in select programs for the Fall 2020 and Spring 2021 semesters only. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 11% of U.S. employees work in agriculture and its related industries. What that means, in particular, is that the transportation sector is designed to support the safe and efficient movement of people, goods and products for business and pleasure. Between the federal guidelines and state essential worker orders, a number of major sectors overlap including, but not limited to: Below, we dive into each of these sectors, discussing the pre-COVID-19 workforce, why each is considered “essential,” how this designation is impacting workers and the sector itself and provide state examples. Food service, eating and drinking establishments accounted for 6.4% of employment and food and beverage stores supported 1.6% of the workforce. They worry they will be stopped by police officers en route to work and be sent home. For this reason, all states with available guidance have deemed occupations within the retail sector essential. These essential but undervalued jobs—held by a disproportionate number of Black workers, especially Black women—often pay poverty wages and offer few, if … The racial makeup of the retail sector mirrors that of the overall workforce: 62% non-Hispanic white, 17% Hispanic, 13% African American and 5% Asian. Energy. The sector profile is divided into the three categories outlined above, but in much greater detail. Additionally, the bill would have extended the vehicle registration expiration period for registrations expired on Feb. 29, 2020, during the pandemic or any day of the month in which the peacetime public health emergency period terminates. For example, in some states workers supporting religious organizations and churches are considered essential, while in some others workers who support the cannabis industry receive the essential designation. For example, Montana’s essential worker order listed a number of hyper-specific businesses the state considers critical to its food and agriculture systems, including production bakeries, licensed cannabis cultivators and animal feed producers. At least 20 states have adopted federal guidance from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency on essential workers. The Essential Worker Ride Home program provides a reliable and safe taxi ride home from work for essential employees commuting to and within San Francisco, helping to fill the gap left by reductions in public transportation services during the order to shelter-in-place. DES MOINES, Iowa– According to Commercial Cafe 46% or employees work at essential businesses in Des Moines. New York City’s Frontline Workers Frontline workers have always been the lifeblood of our city. Workers that perform critical clinical research … You consent to the use of cookies if you use this website. Although many early care and education professionals have extensive experience (approximately 50% have at least 13 years in the field), they generally earn very low wages. Workers supporting public and private childcare establishments, licensed pre-K establishments, K-12 schools, colleges, and universities for purposes of distance learning, or the provision of school meals, or child care for the children of essential workers across all sectors and for uniquely vulnerable children. CISA’s guidance and sector-specific list, according to the agency’s website, are intended to support state and local governments in their identification of essential workers. Water and Wastewater. Without the work carried out by these unsung heroes, the response to the pandemic would have been severely limited, especially in getting essential medical supplies and equipment to public health officials on the frontlines. Colorado and at least six other states deemed medical and/or recreational cannabis dispensaries essential. This website uses cookies to analyze traffic and for other purposes. According to recent research, four occupations comprise the bulk of the industry, constituting roughly 79% of all retail worker employment: retail salespersons (about 25%), drivers and sales workers (24%), cashiers (20%), and stock clerks and order fillers (11%). h�bbd```b``y"_�H� �u)��) �) R9�RDrE�ȹg�$c�E��D2��A�2u`�6 �� The economy is heavily reliant on trade and travel occurring throughout the nation. Workers and firms supporting the distribution of food, feed, beverage and ingredients used in these products, including warehouse workers, vendor-managed inventory controllers and blockchain managers. ; Call 2-1-1 or use live chat for non-emergency questions and help; Call Crisis Counseling Assistance Program | (888) 215-4920; Email the Governor’s Office or call (617) 725-4005 Under Governor Ige’s emergency proclamation, all travelers entering the State of Hawaiʻi must self-quarantine for 10 days, unless they obtain an exemption. This has sparked debate around worker protections as retail workers, who are often low-wage earners with limited benefits, such as grocery store clerks, face risks to exposure daily. Under Governor Ige’s emergency proclamation, all travelers entering the State of Hawaiʻi must self-quarantine for 10 days, unless they obtain an exemption. Child care providers are often referred to as the workforce behind the workforce. For example, in some states workers supporting religious organizations and churches are considered essential, while in some others workers who support the cannabis industry receive the essential designation. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) job outlook data projects that the demand for workers in agriculture will remain steady from 2018 to 2020. Additionally, New York state data are used in this report by the Fiscal Policy Institute. The electric grid, including power plants, distribution and transmission systems, reliability and control room operations and nuclear facilities. While many workers have been teleworking and others have lost their jobs, some have been deemed “essential” by states, continuing to show up to work during the different phases of restriction states have implemented. Often using CISA’s guidelines as a starting point, states have added and subtracted essential worker categories and sectors based on what makes the most sense for them. This would include food and water, pharmaceuticals, medicine and acute care supplies, durable medical equipment and surgical supplies and laundry and sanitary supplies. CISA’s guidance and sector-specific list, guidance on the essential critical infrastructure workforce, In addition to the sector-specific operations, the energy sector relies heavily on its supply chain—businesses and manufacturers that produce everything from fuels to specialized equipment. If one member of a team is compromised, the whole team could be compromised. Every single day, crisis or no crisis, these are the essential workers in our city, our economy, and our society. At least 19 states have adopted the DHS guidelines—either as a ceiling or a floor. Nurses, janitors, grocery clerks, childcare staff, bus and truck drivers. Others, such as the limited number of qualified control room operators, work in small teams that manage the safe and reliably flow of gas and power across vast networks. Some, however, may not be so obvious. Of the 42 states, the District of Columbia (D.C.), Guam, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands that have adopted guidance on who is considered an “essential worker,” the general elements included in the definition of “transportation and logistics” include airlines, railroads, taxis, private transportation providers and public and private mail and shipping services. These systems include: While the infrastructure itself is not threatened, COVID-19 does threaten the human expertise required to reliably operate many of these systems. Similar to the share of all workers, 37% of Kentucky’s essential workers have a child in the home, and 13% have a person over age 65 in the home, meaning many are juggling paid work with unpaid caregiving under unprecedented conditions. According to the DHS and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this sector lends support to emergency managers, local governments, heads of transit authorities, federal law enforcement and local first responders, as well as long-haul truck drivers, maritime pilots, aviation and rail workers and rideshare and taxicab drivers. Emergency Services Sector 3. An accompanying spreadsheet provides state-level versions of Table 1. California, through executive order, is granting two weeks of supplemental paid sick leave to food-sector workers, including farm and agricultural workers, grocery store workers and fast food employees. Nationally, state and local governments employed about 7.4 million full-time equivalent (FTE) workers in 2014. Additionally, New York state data are used in … Just some of the professions that can be considered a part of this sector include electricians, plumbers, HVAC technicians, wastewater treatment plant operators, exterminators and many others. Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council: National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners: American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers: Workers supporting groceries, pharmacies, convenience stores and other retail (including unattended and vending) that sell human food, animal and pet food and pet supply, and beverage products. The statewide population of essential workers was then compared to the total number of workers in that state. Critical retail (i.e. Prior to the onset of COVID-19, most of these critical trades were facing huge projected growth coupled with workers shortages. Between the federal guidelines and state essential worker orders, a number of major sectors overlap including, but not limited to: Energy. Many large organizations are issuing “Essential Worker” letters for staff members to provide to law enforcement in just such an instance. Cashiers, who earn an average of $8.25 per hour, are predominantly women, whereas delivery drivers, who earn an average of $16.20, are predominantly men. State and federal officials quickly recognized that some statewide measures and/or federal guidelines would be helpful to align the efforts of overlapping jurisdictions. Sector Index: 1. 0 A grand total of about 1.5 million additional jobs in food and beverage service is expected by 2028. According to the U..S Department of Homeland Security, essential workers are those who conduct a range of operations and services that are typically essential to continue critical infrastructure operations. The fuel must be replaced every 18 to 24 months, and typically is scheduled in the spring or fall when electricity demand is the lowest. Legislation considered in Pennsylvania has sought to add to the governor’s powers during a pandemic. The states with the highest percentage of essential workers in their labor force include Washington, D.C. (74.93%), North Dakota (57.20%), Wyoming (53.46%), Indiana (51.80%), and Kentucky (51.26%). Another 21 states and Washington, D.C., have developed their own definitions for essential workers. Critical infrastructure is a large, umbrella term encompassing sectors from energy to defense to agriculture. This secondary priority would help the industry monitor and mitigate against the virus’ potential spread through these mission-essential workers. In addition to the DHS guidance, energy industry representatives and federal government officials have been vocal in advocating for the inclusion of energy workers in state designations. Nurses, janitors, grocery clerks, childcare staff, bus and truck drivers. Parents and employers rely on child care to allow them to work and conduct business resulting in an estimated economic impact of over $99 billion in revenue and spillover to other industries. The emphasis has been particularly on “mission-essential workers”—a limited pool of highly skilled workers whose expertise has been deemed necessary to the continued reliable operation of energy systems. Below are a few examples. Some states have also designated child care providers as “essential workers” so they are eligible for any supports or services offered by the state and are able to continue working to ensure essential workers in other critical industries can also work and meet the health and safety needs during the crisis. The agency says, “promoting the ability of [critical workers] to continue to work during periods of community restriction, access management, social distancing or closure orders is crucial to community resilience and the continuity of essential functions.”. Note: Per federal guidance, quitting work without good cause to obtain unemployment benefits is fraud. Such vendors would also be required to maintain the same number of employees they employed before the pandemic. Non-essential workers, such as clothing store clerks and bartenders, won’t get that access. They include retail customer support service and information technology support staff necessary for online orders, pickup and delivery. Workers supporting groceries, pharmacies and other retail that sells food and … In accordance with this order, the State Public Health Officer has designated the following list of Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. Reynolds said Iowa will rely on the U.S Department of Homeland Security’s list of essential industries. For many working in the building and construction trades, the distinction of their jobs as essential meant continuing to work to build new structures and to maintain existing ones. SF 3255 also would have required the state’s transportation commissioner to repot all expenditures of federal funds to the legislature by Feb. 15, 2021, regarding coronavirus relief funds. KNOW BEFORE YOU GO: From this site, travelers entering the State of Hawaiʻi can apply for a limited exemption from the mandatory 10-day self-quarantine. , effective June 1, 2020 state is no longer designating businesses as essential.! Contagion within this subgroup of the states that have developed their own definitions for essential were... Are the nation 's most respected bipartisan organization providing states support, ideas, and. The economy is heavily reliant on trade and travel occurring throughout the nation 's most respected bipartisan organization providing support. 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