Camp Floyd produced many of the heroes of Gettysburg. Gen. John Buford (a quartermaster for Johnston's Army in Utah) managed in early fighting to hold high ground there that was key to victory. The camp brought much-needed cash to Utah people. Church leaders eventually accepted the offer. As the war began in early 1861, the War Department pulled the Federal troops out of the Utah Territory and reassigned them to other regions where they were more immediately needed to quell the brewing rebellion. A native Kentuckian, Major Robert Anderson, of Fort Sumter fame, was given command. Camp Floyd: Camp Floyd, Utah County, Utah, temporarily established July 8, 1858 in the northwest corner of Cedar Valley (Upper Camp) and later moved ten miles south to the site near Fairfield which was occupied beginning September 8, 1858, then abandoned in July, 1861. Camp Floyd, a U.S. Army post built in 1858, provides an opportune site to evaluate how rank was exhibited in the physical remains of a military camp. The company which should number 84 has often only 50 men. Finally, on June 26, 1858, Johnston’s army marched through Salt Lake City and set up Camp Floyd 35 miles from the city. It did not end the tensions between the U.S. government and the Mormons in Utah. Despite Lincoln’s soothing platitudes on Kentucky’s neutrality, on May 28 th, the Federal government set up the Military Department of Kentucky, encompassing the area within 100 miles of the Ohio River. I heard more of army grievances during my second stay at Camp Floyd. The removal, or forced emigration, of Cherokee Indians occurred in 1838, when the U.S. military and various state militias forced some 15,000 Cherokees from their homes in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee and moved them west to Indian Territory (now present-day Oklahoma). At one This ended an extraordinary affair in American military history. Between the two, one third of the army disappears every year. 1. Why do you think the U.S. Army might have located a camp here? Gen. Camp Floyd Camp Floyd soon became the third- largest city in the Utah Territory (after Salt Lake and Provo). The army not only paid local residents to help build the camp but held auctions of goods at low prices. 2. The army occupied “Upper Camp Floyd” for two months. Utah’s citizens returned to their homes, and life resumed mostly as it had before, although tension … The Federal government’s position soon became obvious. Under terms of the agreement, the army marched peacefully through the city and then established a garrison to the west and south of the city called Camp Floyd. There were more than 4,800 Cherokees waiting at camps in this general area before relocation. On October 29, the Confederates scattered Federal outposts on the Fayetteville Road and pushed them down to the mouth of Great Falls Creek and, on November 1, began fortifying Cotton Hill.41 The same day, Floyd opened with cannon on the camp at Gauley, which for the next ten days was the scene of almost constant skirmishing. The residential buildings at the camp were spatially segregated and organized following the different levels of rank of the military. That same month, Johnston and his troops marched through the deserted streets of Salt Lake City—then kept marching 40 miles south to establish Camp Floyd, in present-day Fairfield, Utah. Gen. John F. Reynolds, a Camp Floyd veteran, was killed bringing desperately needed reinforcements to Buford. Soldiers were stationed there until the beginning of the Civil War in 1861. The soldiers were unwelcome in Utah, but Camp Floyd did help Utah in some ways. 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