In return, I received priceless musical knowledge, and an understanding of how to be a better human being,” she says. “Gu” means dark and “Ru” means light. On the other hand it also gives an opportunity to learn and master the traditional skills of Ayurvedic clinical practice. Between these two ends of the spectrum there are innumerable variations in degree and form of that authority. Shishya — Student of a guru. If I might add to your statement above - it is called the "Guru-Shishya parampara". This doctrine is perhaps best expressed in the teachings of the four Samayacharya saints, who all shared a profound and mystical love of Siva that included: In its most extreme form it sometimes includes: In exchange for such absolute submission to the direction of the guru, the shishya usually expects the guru to provide the spiritual guidance necessary for the shishya to achieve some sort of meaningful spiritual progress. Sometimes the sages are women and at times the instructions (or rather inspiration) are sought by kings. Guru Purnima 2020: In India the day has always been very special for the guru-shishya parampara or the unique relationship between a teacher and his student. The Guru (teacher) Shishya (disciple) parampara or guru parampara, occurs where the knowledge (in any field) is passed down through the succeeding generations. Now, the musician also wants what the king wants. In developing this concept, Preece writes that when we transfer an inner quality onto another person we may be giving that person a power over us as a consequence of the projection, carrying the potential for great insight and inspiration, but also the potential for great danger. Eligibility: Candidates should be within the age group of 45 to 75 years having thorough knowledge for imparting training in any cultural field of the region, i.e. He is skilled in one thing — music. Baul is a ‘Guru Shishya Parampara’ Sampradaya(process), passed down through family lineages for generations now. Home / Guru Shishya Parampara / Gurus and Shishyas At ITC-SRA, the relationship between the Guru and the Shishya is one of all-pervading learning and complete trust, born out of the Shishya's total surrender to the universal glory of the art. For Joshi, the choice was clear: to live with her guru and learn from him. In an interview to this reporter once, the noted classical vocalist Kishori Amonkar had described learning from her mother, the legendary Mogubai Kurdikar, thus: “Aai would sing the sthayi and antara only twice. Guru-Shishya parampara and the influence of the teacher on the life of a student has always been the key aspect in the building of our nation. We often say that the system was better than today's system.Our education system was somewhat different in ancient times. Being a civilization that respects experiential knowledge, we hold high respect for the teacher of such knowledge. Bhakti extends from the simplest expression of devotion to the ego-decimating principle of prapati, which is total surrender. By doing so, advaita says, the seeker will attain moksha (liberation from the cycle of births and deaths). This is my reference for the guru-shishya parampara and it is a unique learning experience for me.”. The Ancient Guru-Shishya Parampara The shaastras speak volumes about the greatness and importance of the Guru. It is separated from the socio-political structure and spans across social/political divisions since such knowledge is beyond those divisions. When there was a need to pass on any spiritual, powerful or profound knowledge – it was done in a safe, trusting and intimate manner between the Guru (the master teacher) and shishya … But that does not translate into knowledge all the time. The guru is not an individual who initiates a person, but the person's own Buddha-nature reflected in the personality of the guru. We in India often talk about Guru Shishya Parampara of ancient India. Advaita vedānta requires anyone seeking to study advaita vedānta to do so from a Guru (teacher). When world was establishing first universities our focus was on Guru Shishya Learning. The Guru-Shishya parampara has been an inevitable part of education in ancient Indian culture. The principle of this relationship is that knowledge, especially subtle or advanced knowledge, is best conveyed through a strong human relationship based on ideals of the student's respect, commitment, devotion and obedience, and on personal instruction by which the student eventually masters the knowledge that the guru embodies. In Vajrayana (tantric Buddhism) as the guru is perceived as the way itself. A formal recognition of this relationship, which usually assumes the form of a somewhat structured initiation ceremony. Therein lies the story. The guru-shishya tradition, lineage, or parampara, denotes a succession of teachers and disciples in traditional Indian culture and religions such as Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Sunday Eye| Can wild creatures ever trust humans? But I feel that once you start finding yourself in the music, it becomes easier to go back to it, and spend time with it. The Guru-shishya paramparya thrived and flourished for thousands of years in India. “Now, we have EMIs. The Hindus believe that Vedas are handed down through the ages from Guru to shishya. Sung in raag Sindhu Bhairavi, the melodic framework that embodies sorrow and separation, the bhajan wasn’t just a tribute to a great musician’s life; it was also an act of gratitude and an acknowledgement of the knowledge that the guru represented. “Music needs to be learnt without the pressure of a career. Mira Rajput Kapoor shared a photo on Instagram: “Guru Shishya Parampara” • See 277 photos and videos on their profile. This practice is still very much the norm. Guru- Shishya Parampara built upon this social nature of teaching entails the absorption and transmission of aesthetic and contextual knowledge through an intuitive process. Ghosh says that being able to listen to so many musicians at the click of a button has been inspiring. This article first appeared in the print edition on September 19, 2020 under the title ‘Lift the veil on the parampara’. This is why, a few years ago, the 48-year-old left his home in Mumbai and moved to Palaspa, a tiny village on the Mumbai-Goa highway, near Panvel. “I get parents who ask me when their child can become a playback singer, or why she has been doing sargams for two months and how I can train them for reality shows. Beginning in the early oral traditions of the Upanishads (c. 2000 BC), the guru-shishya relationship has evolved into a fundamental component of Hinduism. It is the tradition of spiritual relationship and mentoring where teachings are transmitted from a guru “teacher” (Sanskrit: गुरु) to a śiṣya “disciple” (Sanskrit: शिष्य) or chela. Surdarshan Music - The Concept. Ghosh is the son of tabla and sitar player Pandit Nayan Ghosh. Guru-Shishya Parampara Krishna Kavita June 18, 2020 Indians of all ages and hues are making use of this lockdown period by going all out for non-formal education, I don’t see a similar trend elsewhere in the world on this scale. Without the teacher, it is asserted, there can be no experience and insight. That is why every Guru-Shishya parampara mentions its origin in the eternal. The world of classical music can seem impermeable to outsiders, owing to the intimidating intricacies of the system and the demanding guru-shishya parampara — a centuries-old tradition of teaching that demands complete surrender to the teacher and a lonely, introspective sadhana (meditation and practice) of the form. That is why a guru has always been so important,” Chakraborty, 39, says. All knowledge, including about music, was transmitted “when the time was right”. I certainly consider the modern methods an extension of this very tradition. We need not romanticise the parampara. In the Vedas, the brahmavidya or knowledge of Brahman is communicated from guru to shishya by word of mouth, bringing about the traditional guru-shishya parampara, or lineage. An example is the legend that, A system of various titles of implied superiority or deification which the guru assumes, and often requires the shishya to use whenever addressing the guru, The requirement that the shishya engage in various forms of physical demonstrations of affection towards the guru, such as bowing, kissing the hands or feet of the guru, and sometimes agreeing to various physical punishments as may sometimes be ordered by the guru. The Vedas prescribe for a young brahmachari to be sent to a Gurukul where the Guru (referred to also as acharya) teaches the pupil the Vedas as also the Vedangas. Often a guru will assert that he or she is capable of leading a shishya directly to the highest possible state of spirituality or consciousness, sometimes referred to within Hinduism as moksha. Therein lies the story. Aatmalaya academy believes that teaching is the art of self-discovery. Only then can one master the inner meaning of that knowledge. The guru needs to be this good. Will she go abroad?’ That person can be a teacher, not a guru.”. Our teachers can be our situations, thoughts, experiences, people around us… An example of this dynamic can be found embodied in the relationship between Krishna and Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita portion of the Mahabharata, and between Rama and Hanuman in the Ramayana. In this culture, when there was a need to convey subtle and powerful knowledge, it was always done in an atmosphere of utter trust, dedication, and intimacy between the Guru (Master) and the shishya (disciple). In the later tradition of Guru-Shishya Parampara, one significant example is of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa and his illustrious disciple Swami Vivekanand. The Guru Puja that is followed by many Guru-Shishya traditions begins with “Narayanam, Padmabhavam, Vasishtam….” Or “SadhaShiva Samarambhaam…”, which denotes the basis of this wisdom in the eternal Narayana or Shiva consciousness. Indian music has certain elements that have to be learned through interactive means. Surdarshan Music - The Concept. The allegations were first made in a Facebook post, with a couple of students speaking anonymously to The Indian Express later. If I might add to your statement above - it is called the "Guru-Shishya parampara". Pandit Ajoy Chakrabarty has come forward with an exclusive idea of personally teaching the fundamentals of Indian Raga Music and various genres of Indian Music, by conducting Online Guru Shishya Parampara LIVE Streaming Classes for … It’s a constant, ongoing process,” says Dagar. A similar theme of tradition versus modernity plays out in Bandish Bandits, a web-series currently streaming on Amazon Prime Video. The bhakti form of the guru-shishya relationship generally incorporates three primary beliefs or practices: Within the bhakti form of the guru-shishya relationship, a certain type of fixed dependency sometimes develops between the guru and the shishya, that may in some ways be similar to the relationship between a parent and a child. The relationship between Guru-Shishya far surpasses teacher-student relationship because the latter is a relationship of the gross world but unfortunately today Kriyayoga has been assigned a western garb with gimmicks about student-teacher relationship thrown in. Since childhood we keep on learning sometimes consciously and sometimes unconsciously. Common characteristics of the guru-shishya relationship, Psychological aspects in a Western context, Preece, Rob, "The teacher-student relationship" in, TIP: The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, How to reference and link to summary or text, The Guru-Disciple Relationship: Making connections and withdrawing projections, https://psychology.wikia.org/wiki/Guru-shishya_tradition?oldid=181270. Free & fearless: How Rishabh Pant’s 4th innings fairytale unfolded at Gabba, 'Overjoyed': PM Modi congratulates Indian cricket team for win in Australia, Power Pant vs spinner Lyon: Duel captures India story for the ages, What Pandit Jasraj taught us about becoming one with the divine, https://images.indianexpress.com/2020/08/1x1.png, Race and gender form a potent combination in ‘I May Destroy You’, Can wild creatures ever trust humans? Explained: What are the takeaways for Indian cricket from Gabba Test? Earlier yugs saw the transference of gyan only through one way - from the Guru to the shishya , for if gyan could be imbibed by just reading books or listening to discourses, the Guru would not have been given the supreme place in all the yogic and tantrik practices. The pupil is also taught the prayoga to perform yajnas. This is not fast music and it cannot be learnt that way. (Illustration Suvajit Dey), A billion get booster dose from Brisbane: World wakes up to watch Indian cricket’s big rising, The big lesson for us is never ever underestimate India: Justin Langer, India rise to top of World Test Championship standings after series win over Australia, Ind vs Aus: Shah Rukh Khan, Priyanka Chopra, Anushka Sharma and others celebrate India’s victory, Team India's historic win at Gabba: Records at a glance. “This is not to say that those who aren’t from families of musicians don’t do well. According to Carnatic classical vocalist TM Krishna, there are some beautiful aspects of the guru-shishya parampara, although he cautions against “eulogising” it. In Tibetan texts, great emphasis is placed upon praising the virtues of the guru. There is no urgency. Delhi-based Sabita Upadhyay, who teaches classical music of the Kunwar Shyam gharana to young students, says that even if the guru is willing to take you through the arduous journey, the expectations of parents are changing. This practice is still very much the norm. Home / Guru Shishya Parampara / Aldeen Nestling in the idyllic ambience of a 200-year-old, magnificent building called 'Aldeen' in Tollygunge in south Kolkata, originally belonging to an heir of Tipu Sultan, ITC-SRA's locale is appropriate to its musical mission. The Guru-Shishya parampara has been an inevitable part of education in ancient Indian culture. Kohima, September 22 (NEx): The North East Zone Cultural Centre (NEZCC), Dimapur invites application for availing the Guru Shishya Parampara Scheme for 2019-2020. The Guru (teacher) Shishya (disciple) parampara or guru parampara, occurs where the knowledge (in any field) is passed down through the succeeding generations. The most well known form of the Guru-shishya relationships is the bhakti guru-shishya relationship. Mira Rajput Kapoor shared a photo on Instagram: “Guru Shishya Parampara” • See 277 photos and videos on their profile. Guru Shishya Parampara Scheme. Kohima, September 22 (NEx): The North East Zone Cultural Centre (NEZCC), Dimapur invites application for availing the Guru Shishya Parampara Scheme for 2019-2020. MAHA GURU - SRI TYAGARAJA SWAMI(1767 - 1847 AD):-Sri Tyagaraja Swami, the most celebrated Carnatic The term Upanishad derives from the Sanskrit words upa (near), ni (down) and şad (to sit) — "sitting down near" a spiritual teacher to receive instruction in the guru-shishya tradition. This "parampara" can also be defined in different ways. Guru — The Teacher. The guru once loomed large over the shishya’s life, unquestioned and omnipotent, teaching by imparting knowledge beyond the art form itself. An uglier side of the parampara has emerged recently. “The way the guru-shishya system is designed, it has an unequal power structure. Sometimes this initiation process will also include the teaching of other, Devotion to the guru as a divine figure or, The belief that such a guru has transmitted, or will eventually impart, The belief that if the shishya’s act of focusing his or her devotion (bhakti) upon the guru is sufficiently strong and worthy, then some form of spiritual merit will be gained by the shishya, Deep humility and self-effacement, admission of, Total surrender in God as the only true refuge and, A relationship of lover and beloved known as bridal, The assignment of all or many of the material possessions of the shishya to the guru, The strict and unconditional adherence by the shishya to all of the commands of the guru. This way, you learn something new everyday, leading you to what you can correct, change, and improve. Pandit Ajoy Chakrabarty has come forward with an exclusive idea of personally teaching the fundamentals of Indian Raga Music and various genres of Indian Music, by conducting Online Guru Shishya Parampara LIVE Streaming Classes … Suanshu Khurana. Within the broad spectrum of the Hindu religion, the guru-shishya relationship can be found in numerous variant forms including Tantra. Delhi-based Pavithra Chari, who has been learning from Delhi-based Hindustani classical musician Shubha Mudgal over regular visits, represents a tweak to the traditional gurukul system. This is not to say that gentler gurus weren’t successful. I had to get every contour of the piece in those two instances. The shishya… This "parampara" can also be defined in different ways. In this process the guru both accepts the initiate as a shishya, and also agrees to assume some level of responsibility for the spiritual well-being and progress of the new shishya. Making it a career, though, requires some work on understanding how current practices related to performance and patronage function,” says Chari. You cannot have a guru who constantly wonders, ‘When will my student perform? He writes: "In its simplest sense transference occurs when unconsciously a person endows another with an attribute that actually is projected from within themselves." In the Theravada Buddhist tradition, the teacher is a valued and honoured mentor worthy of great respect and a source of inspiration on the path to Enlightenment. When there was a need to pass on any spiritual, powerful or profound knowledge – it was done in a safe, trusting and intimate manner between the Guru (the master teacher) and shishya (disciple). "It is the lineage of passing knowledge from a succession of gurus to students through oral tradition. Guru … Kriyayoga being a sublime holy supreme science the Guru-Shishya parampara is imperative to maintain the authenticity. I certainly consider the modern methods an extension of this very tradition. Our deep rooted belief is enshrined in the fact that a Guru is believed to be one who indoctrinates the Shishya to attain the ultimate truth or satya and mokshya – the salvation. The word Sikh is derived from the Sanskrit word shishya. “He told a friend that his father struggled to figure out one raga for 19 years, before he finally got it,” he says. The Ancient Guru-Shishya Parampara The shaastras speak volumes about the greatness and importance of the Guru. That’s when it’ll have depth. This was where his late father, the noted Rudra veena exponent Zia Mohiuddin Dagar, had founded a dhrupad gurukul, where a handful of students who lived with their guru, learned from him. Kriyayoga being a sublime holy supreme science the Guru-Shishya parampara is imperative to maintain the authenticity. Music is also a source of livelihood now,” she says. Sometimes the authority of the guru will extend to all aspects of the shishya's life, including sexuality, livelihood, social life, etc. In the Upanishads, gurus and shishya appear in a variety of settings (husband answering questions about immortality, a teenage boy being taught by Yama, or Death personified, etc.). Guru Shishya Parampara is the teacher-disciple lineage. “There seems to be a pressure to be ‘successful’ and to seek validation through ‘likes’ and views. Central to this process of teaching is the one to one teacher- student relationship through which the student interacts very closely with the teacher and his/her family. During These Times of Stress and Uncertainty Your Doshas May Be Unbalanced. SAI Angan has incorporated the timeless values of the Guru Shishya Parampara. This article first appeared in the print edition on September 19, 2020 under the title ‘Lift the veil on the parampara’. When world was establishing first universities our focus was on Guru Shishya Learning. It’s this conflict between the demands of tradition and contemporary society that a recent film and a web-series have explored. Guru-Sishya Parampara is the teacher-disciple lineage. And for this, you need time to come back to yourself, relive and rethink your work. In a Hindu context, the term guru signifies one who teaches or imparts knowledge. For all the latest Eye News, download Indian Express App. The guru-shishya tradition, lineage, or parampara, is a spiritual relationship in traditional Hinduism where teachings are transmitted from a guru (teacher, गुरू) to a 'śiṣya' (disciple, शिष्य) or chela.Such knowledge, whether it be vedic, agamic artistic, architectural, musical or spiritual, is imparted through the developing relationship between the guru and the disciple. It is an age-old tradition in India and some of the classic examples of this relationship include Vishwamitra – Ram, Sandipani – Krishna, Parashuram – Bhishma, Dronacharya – Arjun and Ramakrishna Paramahamsa – Swami Vivekanand. We made some great universities like Nalanda and Taxshila but perhaps… The Guru Shishya Parampara (Teacher-Student tradition) is a truly Indian tradition. All three disciples are today counted among the country’s greatest musicians. But of late many Vedic scholars make use of books in order to teach the Vedas to their students.[1]. “The way the guru-shishya system is designed, it has an unequal power structure. To yourself, relive and rethink your work statement above - it is called the `` parampara! Consciously and sometimes unconsciously on knowledge from a guru who is stern without being abusive years. Of aesthetic and contextual knowledge through an intuitive process from his father at an early.. 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